Bicycle Reflector

Bicycle Reflector ITEMS SHOWN INCLUDE THOSE AVAILABLE ON EBAY:

New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors 50 cm X Small
New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors 50 cm X Small
$1,675.95
End Date: Sunday Oct-22-2017 2:37:38 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,675.95
New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701CS Bike with Safety Reflectors 55 cm Small White
New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701CS Bike with Safety Reflectors 55 cm Small White
$1,666.95
End Date: Saturday Oct-21-2017 22:36:52 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,666.95
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701CS Bike with Safety Reflectors 48 cm XX Small White
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701CS Bike with Safety Reflectors 48 cm XX Small White
$1,663.95
End Date: Saturday Oct-21-2017 22:34:08 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,663.95
New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 55 cm Small
New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 55 cm Small
$1,655.95
End Date: Tuesday Oct-17-2017 6:53:52 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,655.95
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 48 cm XX Small
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 48 cm XX Small
$1,649.95
End Date: Tuesday Oct-17-2017 6:52:06 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,649.95
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 50 cm X Small
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 50 cm X Small
$1,545.59
End Date: Sunday Oct-22-2017 11:06:56 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,545.59
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701CS Bike with Safety Reflectors 50 cm X Small White
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701CS Bike with Safety Reflectors 50 cm X Small White
$1,536.95
End Date: Saturday Oct-21-2017 22:30:33 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,536.95
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701CS Bike with Safety Reflectors White 50 cm X Small
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701CS Bike with Safety Reflectors White 50 cm X Small
$1,453.13
End Date: Friday Oct-13-2017 10:34:01 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,453.13
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 55 cm Small
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 55 cm Small
$1,419.88
End Date: Saturday Sep-30-2017 10:25:26 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,419.88
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 50 cm X Small
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 50 cm X Small
$1,414.61
End Date: Friday Oct-13-2017 10:38:52 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,414.61
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 48
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 48
$1,373.36
End Date: Saturday Sep-30-2017 21:04:54 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,373.36
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 48 cm XX Small
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 48 cm XX Small
$1,344.54
End Date: Tuesday Oct-3-2017 9:44:43 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,344.54
Ridley Womens Liz Alloy 105 LI170BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 49
Ridley Womens Liz Alloy 105 LI170BM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 49
$1,317.87
End Date: Saturday Sep-30-2017 21:08:24 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,317.87
New New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors 55 cm Small
New New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike with Safety Reflectors 55 cm Small
$1,181.95
End Date: Sunday Oct-22-2017 2:50:31 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,181.95
New New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike w Safety Reflectors 48 cm XX Small
New New Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701BM Bike w Safety Reflectors 48 cm XX Small
$1,097.95
End Date: Sunday Oct-22-2017 2:42:47 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,097.95
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 50 cm X Small
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 50 cm X Small
$1,073.95
End Date: Tuesday Oct-17-2017 6:47:03 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,073.95
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 50 cm X Small
Ridley Fenix Alloy 105 FE701AM Bike with Safety Reflectors Black 50 cm X Small
$1,073.94
End Date: Friday Oct-13-2017 10:34:03 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $1,073.94
Yamaha Moto Bike Fenders and reflector
Yamaha Moto Bike Fenders and reflector
$475.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-17-2017 15:44:23 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $475.00
Vintage Cats Eye Reflector red glass Bicycle Fender motorcycle license plate LOT
Vintage Cats Eye Reflector red glass Bicycle Fender motorcycle license plate LOT
$400.00
End Date: Wednesday Oct-4-2017 15:20:11 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $400.00
Prewar Schwinn Blue LaSalle Early Autocycle Fender Set Reflector Housing
Prewar Schwinn Blue LaSalle Early Autocycle Fender Set Reflector Housing
$350.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-14-2017 13:18:22 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $350.00
Finest Schwinn Approved Phantom Bicycle Fenders Light  Glass Reflector
Finest Schwinn Approved Phantom Bicycle Fenders Light Glass Reflector
$325.00
End Date: Saturday Sep-30-2017 18:26:51 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $325.00
Reflective trailer magnet light display with 30 pieces in 5 colours ow bike li
Reflective trailer magnet light display with 30 pieces in 5 colours ow bike li
$236.02
End Date: Tuesday Oct-24-2017 1:47:15 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $236.02
SCHWINN STINGRAY FASTBACK 5 SPEED WHITE WITH CHROME BANANA SEAT+ REFLECTOR TAB
SCHWINN STINGRAY FASTBACK 5 SPEED WHITE WITH CHROME BANANA SEAT+ REFLECTOR TAB
$225.00
End Date: Wednesday Oct-25-2017 9:15:15 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $225.00
antique automotive motorcycle bicycle cast aluminum reflector pre WW II
antique automotive motorcycle bicycle cast aluminum reflector pre WW II
$240.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-10-2017 11:42:10 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $240.00
smart e bike Pannier rack incl Reflector and Mudguard
smart e bike Pannier rack incl Reflector and Mudguard
$145.90
End Date: Monday Oct-16-2017 2:56:06 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $145.90
smart e bike Pannier rack incl Reflector and Mudguard
smart e bike Pannier rack incl Reflector and Mudguard
$145.39
End Date: Monday Oct-16-2017 2:51:14 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $145.39
5 LED Bike Bicycle Head Front  Rear Flash lights +Wireless Computer Speedometer
5 LED Bike Bicycle Head Front Rear Flash lights +Wireless Computer Speedometer
$202.93
End Date: Tuesday Oct-17-2017 6:25:46 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $202.93
Garmin Varia Smart Bike Headlight Lamp Reflector Projector Cycling FREE SHIPPING
Garmin Varia Smart Bike Headlight Lamp Reflector Projector Cycling FREE SHIPPING
$206.36
End Date: Tuesday Sep-26-2017 1:18:38 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $206.36
Garmin Varia Smart Bike Headlight Lamp Reflector Projector Cycling FREE SHIPPING
Garmin Varia Smart Bike Headlight Lamp Reflector Projector Cycling FREE SHIPPING
$206.36
End Date: Wednesday Oct-11-2017 0:33:36 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $206.36
Glass Reflectors Vintage Red Smooth Original Pair Motorcycle Rat Hot Rod Bike
Glass Reflectors Vintage Red Smooth Original Pair Motorcycle Rat Hot Rod Bike
$198.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-7-2017 13:06:23 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $198.00
Paturaud pedal toe clips reflector for Rene Herse Singer Vintage Road Bike NOS
Paturaud pedal toe clips reflector for Rene Herse Singer Vintage Road Bike NOS
$200.00
End Date: Wednesday Oct-4-2017 18:26:02 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $200.00
Vintage Faceted Amber Glass License Plate Reflector Bike Harley Huffy
Vintage Faceted Amber Glass License Plate Reflector Bike Harley Huffy
$188.81
End Date: Tuesday Sep-26-2017 13:56:35 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $188.81
SCHWINN STINGRAY KRATE Grey Ghost Clear Reflector Diamond Pedals 1971 71
SCHWINN STINGRAY KRATE Grey Ghost Clear Reflector Diamond Pedals 1971 71
$174.99
End Date: Thursday Oct-12-2017 8:02:56 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $174.99
Vintage New Schwinn Approved Bow Pedals Made in Germany w Reflectors NOS
Vintage New Schwinn Approved Bow Pedals Made in Germany w Reflectors NOS
$180.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-14-2017 13:47:01 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $180.00
GIVI Monolock Top Case E370 Tech trans Reflectors Uni Plate for BMW Bike NEW
GIVI Monolock Top Case E370 Tech trans Reflectors Uni Plate for BMW Bike NEW
$120.45
End Date: Thursday Oct-5-2017 20:19:32 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $120.45
schwinn rear 4 reflector rack jaguar panther corvette typhoon starlett tiger ame
schwinn rear 4 reflector rack jaguar panther corvette typhoon starlett tiger ame
$150.00
End Date: Monday Oct-23-2017 14:26:07 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $150.00
VINTAGE BICYCLE MONARK SUPER DELUXE FIRESTONE SUPER REAR FENDER WITH REFLECTOR
VINTAGE BICYCLE MONARK SUPER DELUXE FIRESTONE SUPER REAR FENDER WITH REFLECTOR
$135.00
End Date: Tuesday Oct-3-2017 14:51:14 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $135.00
Selle San Marco Saddle 945 Vintage Road Bike Racing w reflector NOS
Selle San Marco Saddle 945 Vintage Road Bike Racing w reflector NOS
$175.00
End Date: Saturday Oct-14-2017 16:14:22 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $175.00
26 Womens Cruiser Bike Magenta Accessories Rechagrable Light Red Reflector
26 Womens Cruiser Bike Magenta Accessories Rechagrable Light Red Reflector
$174.99
End Date: Wednesday Sep-27-2017 13:11:29 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $174.99
1966 SCHWINN STINGRAY FASTBACK DEEP TUFTED SILVER GLITTER BANANA SEAT +REFLECTOR
1966 SCHWINN STINGRAY FASTBACK DEEP TUFTED SILVER GLITTER BANANA SEAT +REFLECTOR
$148.50
End Date: Tuesday Oct-3-2017 12:36:04 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $148.50
Original smart e bike Suspension fork White incl Reflector
Original smart e bike Suspension fork White incl Reflector
$145.61
End Date: Tuesday Oct-17-2017 16:21:55 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $145.61
Newest Motorcycle Boots Unisex Street Bike Ride Shoes Night Riding Reflector
Newest Motorcycle Boots Unisex Street Bike Ride Shoes Night Riding Reflector
$167.94
End Date: Tuesday Oct-10-2017 10:35:33 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $167.94
Original smart e bike Suspension fork White incl Reflector
Original smart e bike Suspension fork White incl Reflector
$145.09
End Date: Tuesday Oct-17-2017 16:25:39 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $145.09
NOS Schwinn bicycle Reflector wheel cover Pee Wee Herman
NOS Schwinn bicycle Reflector wheel cover Pee Wee Herman
$150.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-22-2017 9:47:40 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $150.00
new old stock SCHWINN Stingray small diamond reflector bicycle PEDALS 1 2
new old stock SCHWINN Stingray small diamond reflector bicycle PEDALS 1 2
$149.99
End Date: Friday Oct-20-2017 15:22:17 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $149.99
N1 Schwinn Chrome No Reflector Rear Rack Corvette Jaguar Debutante American
N1 Schwinn Chrome No Reflector Rear Rack Corvette Jaguar Debutante American
$134.99
End Date: Wednesday Oct-18-2017 9:10:28 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $134.99
New CatEye Volt 700  800 Bicycle Headlight Lights Reflector Safety Outdoor Ride
New CatEye Volt 700 800 Bicycle Headlight Lights Reflector Safety Outdoor Ride
$154.28
End Date: Saturday Sep-30-2017 14:51:52 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $154.28
12pc Self Adhesive Amber Reflector Set Vehicle Bicycle Motorcycles Night Vision
12pc Self Adhesive Amber Reflector Set Vehicle Bicycle Motorcycles Night Vision
$3.37
End Date: Tuesday Oct-17-2017 7:59:49 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $3.37
NEW 12 SELF ADHESIVE REFLECTORS SET BIKE CYCLE CAR BAG BICYCLE REFLECOR
NEW 12 SELF ADHESIVE REFLECTORS SET BIKE CYCLE CAR BAG BICYCLE REFLECOR
$3.37
End Date: Saturday Oct-21-2017 8:47:47 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $3.37
Orig Old Old Pa Bicycle Safety Club VFW Chrome Reflector Plate Topper Plaque
Orig Old Old Pa Bicycle Safety Club VFW Chrome Reflector Plate Topper Plaque
$145.00
End Date: Sunday Oct-22-2017 14:31:40 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $145.00

« Previous12

Bicycle+Reflector

The signs & symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis by anjum

Unlike osteoarthritis, which results from wear and tear on your joints, rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition. The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, but it's believed to be the body's immune system attacking the tissue that lines your joints (synovium).

Rheumatoid arthritis is two to three times more common in women than in men and generally strikes between the ages of 20 and 50. But rheumatoid arthritis can also affect young children and adults older than age 50.

There's no cure for rheumatoid arthritis. But with proper treatment, a strategy for joint protection and changes in lifestyle, you can live a long, productive life with this condition.
Signs and symptoms

The signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may come and go over time. They include:

* Pain and swelling in your joints, especially in the smaller joints of your hands and feet
* Generalized aching or stiffness of the joints and muscles, especially after sleep or after periods of rest
* Loss of motion of the affected joints
* Loss of strength in muscles attached to the affected joints
* Fatigue, which can be severe during a flare-up
* Low-grade fever
* Deformity of your joints over time
* General sense of not feeling well (malaise)

Rheumatoid arthritis usually causes problems in several joints at the same time. Early in rheumatoid arthritis, the joints in your wrists, hands, feet and knees are the ones most often affected. As the disease progresses, your shoulders, elbows, hips, jaw and neck can become involved. It generally affects both sides of your body at the same time. The knuckles of both hands are one example.

Small lumps, called rheumatoid nodules, may form under your skin at pressure points and can occur at your elbows, hands, feet and Achilles tendons. Rheumatoid nodules may also occur elsewhere, including the back of your scalp, over your knee or even in your lungs. These nodules can range in size â€" from as small as a pea to as large as a walnut. Usually these lumps aren't painful.

In contrast to osteoarthritis, which affects only your bones and joints, rheumatoid arthritis can cause inflammation of tear glands, salivary glands, the linings of your heart and lungs, your lungs themselves and, in rare cases, your blood vessels.

Although rheumatoid arthritis is often a chronic disease, it tends to vary in severity and may even come and go. Periods of increased disease activity â€" called flare-ups or flares â€" alternate with periods of relative remission, during which the swelling, pain, difficulty sleeping, and weakness fade or disappear.

Swelling or deformity may limit the flexibility of your joints. But even if you have a severe form of rheumatoid arthritis, you'll probably retain flexibility in many joints.
Illustration comparing rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, involves the wearing away of the cartilage that caps the bones in your joints. With rheumatoid arthritis, the synovial membrane that protects and lubricates joints becomes inflamed, causing pain and swelling. Joint erosion may follow.
More On This Topic

* Osteoarthritis

Causes

As with other forms of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis involves inflammation of the joints. A membrane called the synovium lines each of your movable joints. When you have rheumatoid arthritis, white blood cells â€" whose usual job is to attack unwanted invaders, such as bacteria and viruses â€" move from your bloodstream into your synovium. Here, these blood cells appear to play an important role in causing the synovial membrane to become inflamed (synovitis).

This inflammation results in the release of proteins that, over months or years, cause thickening of the synovium. These proteins can also damage cartilage, bone, tendons and ligaments. Gradually, the joint loses its shape and alignment. Eventually, it may be destroyed.

Some researchers suspect that rheumatoid arthritis is triggered by an infection â€" possibly a virus or bacterium â€" in people with an inherited susceptibility. Although the disease itself is not inherited, certain genes that create an increased susceptibility are. People who have inherited these genes won't necessarily develop rheumatoid arthritis. But they may have more of a tendency to do so than others. The severity of their disease may also depend on the genes inherited. Some researchers also believe that hormones may be involved in the development of rheumatoid arthritis.
Illustration showing inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis typically strikes joints, causing pain, swelling and deformity. As your synovial membranes become inflamed and thickened, fluid builds up and joints erode and degrade.
Risk factors

The exact causes of rheumatoid arthritis are unclear, but these factors may increase your risk:

* Getting older, because incidence of rheumatoid arthritis increases with age. However, incidence begins to decline in women over the age of 80.
* Being female.
* Being exposed to an infection, possibly a virus or bacterium, that may trigger rheumatoid arthritis in those with an inherited susceptibility.
* Inheriting specific genes that may make you more susceptible to rheumatoid arthritis.
* Smoking cigarettes over a long period of time.

When to seek medical advice

See your doctor if you have persistent discomfort and swelling in multiple joints on both sides of your body. Your doctor can work with you to develop a pain management and treatment plan. Also seek medical advice if you experience side effects from your arthritis medications. Side effects may include nausea, abdominal discomfort, black or tarry stools, changes in bowel habits, constipation and drowsiness.
Screening and diagnosis

If you have signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, your doctor will likely conduct a physical examination and request laboratory tests to determine if you have this form of arthritis. These tests may include:

*

Blood tests. A blood test that measures your erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sed rate) can indicate the presence of an inflammatory process in your body. People with rheumatoid arthritis tend to have elevated ESRs. The ESRs in those with osteoarthritis tend to be normal.

Another blood test looks for an antibody called rheumatoid factor. Most people with rheumatoid arthritis eventually have this abnormal antibody, although it may be absent early in the disease. It's also possible to have the rheumatoid factor in your blood and not have rheumatoid arthritis.
* Imaging. Doctors may take X-rays of your joints to differentiate between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. A sequence of X-rays obtained over time can show the progression of arthritis.

Complications

Rheumatoid arthritis causes stiffness and pain and may also cause fatigue. It can lead to difficulty with everyday tasks, such as turning a doorknob or holding a pen. Dealing with the pain and the unpredictability of rheumatoid arthritis can also cause symptoms of depression.

Rheumatoid arthritis may also increase your risk of developing osteoporosis, especially if you take corticosteroids. Some researchers believe that rheumatoid arthritis can increase your risk of heart disease. This may be because the inflammation that rheumatoid arthritis causes can also affect your arteries and heart muscle tissue.

In the past, people with rheumatoid arthritis may have ended up confined to a wheelchair because damage to joints made it difficult or impossible to walk. That's not as likely today because of better treatments and self-care methods.
More On This Topic

* Osteoporosis

Treatment

Treatments for arthritis have improved in recent years. Most treatments involve medications. But in some cases, surgical procedures may be necessary.

Medications
Medications for rheumatoid arthritis can relieve its symptoms and slow or halt its progression. They include:

* Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This group of medications, which includes aspirin, helps relieve both pain and inflammation if you take the drugs regularly. NSAIDs that are available over-the-counter include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve). These are available at higher dosages, and other NSAIDs are available by prescription â€" such as ketoprofen, naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn), tolmetin (Tolectin), diclofenac (Voltaren), nabumetone (Relafen) and indomethacin (Indocin). Taking NSAIDs can lead to side effects such as indigestion and stomach bleeding. Other potential side effects may include damage to the liver and kidneys, ringing in your ears (tinnitus), fluid retention and high blood pressure. NSAIDs, except aspirin, may also increase your risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack or stroke.
* COX-2 inhibitors. This class of NSAIDs may be less damaging to your stomach. Like other NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors â€" such as celecoxib (Celebrex) â€" suppress an enzyme called cyclooxygenase (COX) that's active in joint inflammation. Other types of NSAIDs work against two versions of the COX enzyme that are present in your body: COX-1 and COX-2. However, there's evidence that by suppressing COX-1, NSAIDs may cause stomach and other problems because COX-1 is the enzyme that protects your stomach lining. Unlike other NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors suppress only COX-2, the enzyme involved in inflammation. Side effects may include fluid retention and causing or exacerbating high blood pressure. Furthermore, this class of drugs has been linked to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
* Corticosteroids. These medications, such as prednisone and methylprednisolone (Medrol), reduce inflammation and pain, and slow joint damage. In the short term, corticosteroids can make you feel dramatically better. But when used for many months or years, they may become less effective and cause serious side effects. Side effects may include easy bruising, thinning of bones, cataracts, weight gain, a round face and diabetes. Doctors often prescribe a corticosteroid to relieve acute symptoms, with the goal of gradually tapering off the medication.
* Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Physicians prescribe DMARDs to limit the amount of joint damage that occurs in rheumatoid arthritis. Taking these drugs at early stages in the development of rheumatoid arthritis is especially important in the effort to slow the disease and save the joints and other tissues from permanent damage. Because many of these drugs act slowly â€" it may take weeks to months before you notice any benefit â€" DMARDs typically are used with an NSAID or a corticosteroid. While the NSAID or corticosteroid handles your immediate symptoms and limits inflammation, the DMARD goes to work on the disease itself. Some commonly used DMARDs include hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), the gold compound auranofin (Ridaura), sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), minocycline (Dynacin, Minocin) and methotrexate (Rheumatrex). Other forms of DMARDs include immunosuppressants and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers.
* Immunosuppressants. These medications act to tame your immune system, which is out of control in rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, some of these drugs attack and eliminate cells that are associated with the disease. Some of the commonly used immunosuppressants include leflunomide (Arava), azathioprine (Imuran), cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune) and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan). These medications can have potentially serious side effects such as increased susceptibility to infection.
* TNF blockers. These are a class of DMARDs known as biologic response modifiers. TNF is a cytokine, or cell protein, that acts as an inflammatory agent in rheumatoid arthritis. TNF blockers, or anti-TNF medications, target or block this cytokine and can help reduce pain, morning stiffness and tender or swollen joints â€" usually within one or two weeks after treatment begins. There is evidence that TNF blockers may halt progression of disease. These medications often are taken with methotrexate. TNF blockers approved for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis are etanercept (Enbrel), infliximab (Remicade) and adalimumab (Humira). Potential side effects include injection site irritation (adalimumab and etanercept), worsening congestive heart failure (infliximab), blood disorders, lymphoma, demyelinating diseases, and increased risk of infection. If you have an active infection, don't take these medications.
* Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). IL-1Ra is another type of biologic response modifier and is a recombinant form of the naturally occurring interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a cell protein that promotes inflammation and occurs in excess amounts in people who have rheumatoid arthritis or other types of inflammatory arthritis. If IL-1 is prevented from binding to its receptor, the inflammatory response decreases. The first IL-1Ra that has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in people with moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis who haven't responded adequately to conventional DMARD therapy is anakinra (Kineret). It may be used alone or in combination with methotrexate. Anakinra is given as a daily self-administered injection under the skin. Some potential side effects include injection site reactions, decreased white blood cell counts, headache and an increase in upper respiratory infections. There may be a slightly higher rate of respiratory infections in people who have asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. If you have an active infection, don't use anakinra.
* Abatacept (Orencia). Abatacept, a type of costimulation modulator approved in late 2005, reduces the inflammation and joint damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis by inactivating T cells â€" a type of white blood cell. People who haven't been helped by TNF blockers might consider abatacept, which is administered monthly through a vein in your arm (intravenously). Side effects may include headache, nausea and mild infections, such as upper respiratory tract infections. Serious infections, such as pneumonia, can occur.
* Rituximab (Rituxan). Rituximab reduces the number of B cells in your body. B cells are involved in inflammation. Though originally approved for use in people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, rituximab was approved for rheumatoid arthritis in early 2006. People who haven't found relief using TNF blockers might consider using rituximab, which is usually given along with methotrexate. Rituximab is administered as an infusion into a vein in your arm. Side effects include flu-like signs and symptoms, such as fever, chills and nausea. Some people experience extreme reactions to the infusion, such as difficulty breathing and heart problems.
* Antidepressant drugs. Some people with arthritis also experience symptoms of depression. The most common antidepressants used for arthritis pain and nonrestorative sleep are amitriptyline, nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor) and trazodone (Desyrel).

Surgical or other procedures
Although a combination of medication and self-care is the first course of action for rheumatoid arthritis, other methods are available for severe cases:

* Prosorba column. This blood-filtering technique removes certain antibodies that contribute to pain and inflammation in your joints and muscles and is usually performed once a week for 12 weeks as an outpatient procedure. Some of the side effects include fatigue and a brief increase in joint pain and swelling for the first few days after the treatment. The Prosorba column treatment isn't recommended if you're taking angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or if you have heart problems, high blood pressure or blood-clotting problems.
* Joint replacement surgery. For many people with rheumatoid arthritis, medicines and therapies can't prevent joint destruction. When joints are severely damaged, joint replacement surgery can often help restore joint function, reduce pain or correct a deformity. You may need to have an entire joint replaced with a metal or plastic prosthesis. Surgery may also involve tightening tendons that are too loose, loosening tendons that are too tight, fusing bones to reduce pain or removing part of a diseased bone to improve mobility. Your doctor may also remove the inflamed joint lining (synovectomy).

More On This Topic

* Steroid use: Balancing the risks and benefits
* Are COX-2 drugs safe for you? An interview with a Mayo Clinic specialist
* Knee replacement: Surgery can relieve pain

Self-care

Treating rheumatoid arthritis typically involves using a combination of medical treatments and self-care strategies. The following self-care procedures are important elements for managing the disease:

*

Exercise regularly. Different types of exercise achieve different goals. Check with your doctor or physical therapist first and then begin a regular exercise program for your specific needs. If you can walk, walking is a good starter exercise. If you can't walk, try a stationary bicycle with little or no resistance or do hand or arm exercises. A chair exercise program may be helpful. Aquatic exercise is another option, and many health clubs with pools offer such classes.

It's good to move each joint in its full range of motion every day. As you move, maintain a slow, steady rhythm. Don't jerk or bounce. Also, remember to breathe. Holding your breath can temporarily deprive your muscles of oxygen and tire them. It's also important to maintain good posture while you exercise. Avoid exercising tender, injured or severely inflamed joints. If you feel new joint pain, stop. New pain that lasts more than two hours after you exercise probably means you've overdone it. If pain persists for more than a few days, call your doctor.
* Control your weight. Excess weight puts added stress on joints in your back, hips, knees and feet â€" the places where arthritis pain is commonly felt. Excess weight can also make joint surgery more difficult and risky.
* Eat a healthy diet. A healthy diet emphasizing fruit, vegetables and whole grains can help you control your weight and maintain your overall health, allowing you to deal better with your arthritis. However, there's no special diet that can be used to treat arthritis. It hasn't been proved that eating any particular food will make your joint pain or inflammation better or worse.
* Apply heat. Heat will help ease your pain, relax tense, painful muscles and increase the regional flow of blood. One of the easiest and most effective ways to apply heat is to take a hot shower or bath for 15 minutes. Other options include using a hot pack, an electric heat pad set on its lowest setting or a radiant heat lamp with a 250-watt reflector heat bulb to warm specific muscles and joints. If your skin has poor sensation or if you have poor circulation, don't use heat treatment.
* Apply cold for occasional flare-ups. Cold may dull the sensation of pain. Cold also has a numbing effect and decreases muscle spasms. Don't use cold treatments if you have poor circulation or numbness. Techniques may include using cold packs, soaking the affected joints in cold water and ice massage.
* Practice relaxation techniques. Hypnosis, guided imagery, deep breathing and muscle relaxation can all be used to control pain.
* Take your medications as recommended. By taking medications regularly instead of waiting for pain to build, you will lessen the overall in

Did you find this article useful? For more useful tips and hints, points to ponder and keep in mind, techniques, and insights pertaining to Internet Business, do please browse for more information at our websites.
http://www.adsence-dollar-factory.com
http://www.100earningtips.com

Article Source: http://www.earticlesonline.com/Article/The-signs---symptoms-of-rheumatoid-arthritis/616375

Vintage Bicycles Styles : Vintage Bicycle Reflectors

Would putting reflectors on deer prevent accidents?

Current law allows hunters to kill deer during hunting season and does not allow hunters to shoot deer the rest of the year. I propose that we instead allow hunters to shoot deer, year-round, but using tranquilizer guns, if they agree that they will permanently attach (superglue?) bicycle reflectors to them while they are unconscious. This way:
1) The reflectors will make the deer more visible to drivers, so there will be fewer car accidents.
2) Fewer deer will die (from car accidents and from being shut by hunters).
3) There will be more opportunity for the non-lethal recreational aspects of hunting (such as tracking and aiming).

Not a good idea.
Tranquilizers are controlled substances and not available without prescription.
Different sized deer would require different dosages to prevent harm.
Deer shed their hair twice a year and the reflectors would come off with the hair.

How would you like someone gluing a reflector to you? That isn't very humane.

WordPress theme: Kippis 1.15